Dogs, best friend of Humans, are known globally for their faithfulness, intelligence, ferocity, Obedience and sniffing ability. Dogs have been an integral part of the army, police forces and law enforcement agencies. Be it detection of explosives, narcotic, tracking or search and rescue, they have always been handy. They also play an active role in curbing and detecting crimes, dealing with risk arising from natural calamities like earthquake, land slide, avalanche and collapsed buildings. Dogs have been the first choice of all the police forces due to certain extra ordinary qualities they possess. In sniffing ability of a dog is approx. 100 times superior to human.
The dog's active sense of smell, sight and hearing have a decisive advantage over the human agencies and are put to use for assisting the Police in a variety of investigations and search operations. Dogs could be used with substantial success in tracking the criminals after a crime has been committed and in searching premises to locate criminals. Dogs could be used for recovering articles stolen, searching of missing persons and for patrolling, Explosives and Narcotic detection and VIP and VVIP security.
Now dog squads are there in all the 14 districts with City and Rural sub units at Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulum and Kozhikode. Department is strengthening the dog squad with more number of dogs and sub units. The handlers along with the dogs undergoes very rigorous and detailed training for 9 months. Some handlers had been trained in BSF and one person has exposure to USA Dog squad through a government programme. Department has started full-fledged State Dog Training School along with Kerala Police Academy, Thrissur where the 9 months training is imparted by internal and external faculties.